Jinnah wasn’t happy with the INC and decided to join and lead the ML in 1913. The ML was soon fed up with the INC. It began demanding its own country, thus christened Pakistan in 1947. The ML was now the PML. The PML would endure into modern day Pakistan, though splitting into various factions along the way: the PML-N, PML-Q, PML-M, and PML-J. Pakistan would manage to break the monotonous cycle of PMLs and generals in 1967 with the founding of the PPP. The PPP was then joined on the national(?) scene by the anti-Punjabi-anti-Sindhi-anti-Pushtun-anti-Balochi MQM in 1984. Oh, the Puhstuns along the way founded the ANP, though some of them joined the TTP and fought the Americans instead. The Balochis, frustrated by years of neglect and oppression, formed the BNP.

Since Independence, Pakistan has been at odds with its neighbour (hint: not Afghanistan). It lost a whole half of the country–still referred to as East Pakistan, because let’s face it, who thinks Bangladesh is a good name?–in 1971 when it refused to meet the AL’s Six Points. India helped the AL, a bit. In West Pakistan, they really wanted Kashmir and fought with said enemy nation over Kashmir. They fought in 1948, 1965, and 1998 over the LOC in Kashmir.

Today, Pakistan is facing a constitutional crisis because of that last war in 1998. It all began when General Musharraf staged a coup d’état in 1999 after PML leader Nawaz Sharif tried to oust him. Restoring the civil-military balance, Musharraf put that balding buffoon back in his box. Musharraf solidified his rule with an LFO. And though the PML-N and the PPP formed the ARD to challenge him, Musharraf remained in power with help from his friends in the PML-Q and the MMA (which itself was composed of the JUI-F, JUP, JI, TJP, JAH…if it’s got a J, it’s an Islamist party.) Then, the Americans demanded democracy, so Musharraf created the NRO to withdraw all criminal charges from the innocent PPP leaders and to welcome them back to Pakistan. The CJ of the SCP would have none of it. The lazy-eyed Balochi CJ was sacked. But the PBA protested, bringing its lawyers out into the streets and out to a long march. Musharraf had to let the CJ back into the court. Then, the Americans demanded more democracy, so Musharraf left. Some Pakistanis also wanted democracy; but that’s not certain. Zardari of the PPP took over and kept the NRO because without it, the poor soul would face corruption charges–and that, sir, would be true injustice! But the CJ didn’t like the NRO very much. The Army and the ISI didn’t like Zardari very much. So they decided to get rid of the NRO, and with it, they hoped, to get rid of Zardari too. So, today, the country faces yet another crisis.